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Akshitarpan (Eyes Rejuvenation Therapy)

Synonym:- Tarpan, Netra Tarpan, Netra Basti
  • Netra tarpan means nourishment of eyes. Among all senses' organ, eyes are said to be the best and most important. Netra Basti is an effective ayurvedic treatment for rejuvenating and nourishing.
  • In ayurveda we find the concept of chakshushya and many food items, medicine and procedures are written for eye care. Tarpan is an efficient therapy of ayurvedic eye care.
  • The phrase Akshitarpana (Netra basti) is from Sanskrit where Akshi refers to Netra (Eye) and tarpana stands for nourishment.
What is akshitarpan

Akshi Tarpana is a unique procedure in Ayurveda, A wall is constructed with the paste prepared from Yava (barley) and Masha (black gram) around eye socket– Resembling a well to a height of two Angula –finger breadth,where herbal infused Ghrta (ghee) is placed over the eyes for a specific period of time. The herb-infused ghee nourishes and strengthens the eyes. It is brimhana in nature.

Akshitarpan is done in following condition.
Nayane tamyati stabdha shushkate rukshe abhighatate
Vatapittaature jihme ksheen pakshmavilakshane

Indications for Tarpana eye care procedure:

  • When the eyes are fatigued, stiff, dry, rough, or injured.
  • While Vata and Pitta increases in patients.
  • When there is irregularity – Asymmetry or loss of Eyelashes,
  • In clouded unclear vision.
  • In patients of – diseases like
    • Krchronmilla –difficulty in opening eyes 
    • Shiraharsha, Shirotpata – redness and hemorrhage
    • Tama – darkness in front of eyes
Time for Tarpana can be either morning or evening. 
Tarpan days (as per eyes disease) 
Tapana therapy should be done daily in diseases of Vata, On alternative days in diseases of Pitta, with an interval of two days for healthy people and in diseases of kapha. 

SNEHADHARANKALA OR PERIOD OF RETENTION OF GHRITA
  • Snehadharanakala is implemented considering place of diseases & Severity of dosha prakopa.
  • Acharya Sushruta without clarifying the condition of the eyes simply asks to perform the procedure for one day, three days, or five days or till the samyaka tarpita lakshanas are seen.
  • Sneh dharan kaal varies according to disease like, Eyelids disease -100 matra (30-32 second)
PRIME INDICATIONS OF TARPANA:
  • Computer vision syndrome
  • Dry eye syndrome
  • Nonspecific corneal Disorders
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • All types of glaucoma
  • Early cataract
SAMYAKA TARPITA LAKSHANA
  • Sukhaswapana- Good (sound) sleep
  • Avbodhatva- Blissful awakening
  • Vaishadhya- Clearness of the eyes
  • Varnapatava- Discernment of individual colors
  • Nivriti - Feeling of comfort.
  • Vyadhividhvansa- Cure of the disease
  • Kriya laghvama- Easiness in closing and opening the eyes.
Medicine use for Netra tarpan-
  • Triphala ghrita
  • Mahatriphla ghrit
Contraindication
There are some conditions in which Netra tarpana is contraindicated in Ayurveda:
  • Ati sheeta dina: excess cold day
  • Atyushna dina: excess hot day
  • Chinta: a person who is mentally disturbed.
  • Bhrama: giddiness
  • Aayasa: in physical exhaustion
  • Ashtna upadrava: in conditions like inflammation, severe pain, watering, and redness in the eyes
PROCEDURE 
Treatment procedure -30-40 minutes
The treatment procedure of Netra Tarpan is divided into three parts:
  • Purva Karma=stanik abhyanga and mridu sweadan
  • Pradhana Karma
  • Pashchaat Karma

Ayurvedic Perspectives on Excess (Ati) and Deficient (Heen) Tarpana in Eye Care:

Symptomps of excess tarpan (Atitarpan lakshanam)

  • Netragaurava-heaviness in eyes
  • Avilta-indistinct vision
  • Atisnigdahata=excessive oiliness
  • Kandu-itching
  • Updeha-stickiness
Symptomps of deficient tarpan (Heen tarpan lakshanam)
  • Netrarukshata=dryness of eyes
  • Ashrusrava=lacrimation
  • Vyadhivriddhi-aggravation of disease

Akshitarpana, like any Ayurvedic procedure, should be performed under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner.

Comments

  1. Thanks for such nice detailed article on this process👏👏

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